When a rider quits during a race.
The sharpest part of a turn where the transition from entering to exiting takes place.
ARROW ENERGY KING OF THE MOUNTAIN (KOM)
To reward those riders who are best at climbing mountains, there is a competition within the FKG Tour of Toowoomba called the Arrow Energy King of the Mountain. KOM Jerseys are awarded to the winners.
An aggressive, high-speed move away from other riders also referred to as a “breakaway”. Usually this is done with the intention of getting away from the bunch and riding to a placing at the finish. It is also a tactic used to split the field, as it is beneficial for the bunch to go with the attack.
The French word for “water bottle”. Bidons are attached to the bike frame by way of a lightweight metallic (or plastic or carbon fibre) holder from which they are easily removed and replaced during the race.
This is a legal move to impede the progress of opposing riders, allowing teammates a better opportunity for success.
BLOW UP (Bonk)
To suddenly be unable to continue at the required pace, due to over exertion. This is said to happen to a cyclist who suddenly loses their energy and can no longer keep up the pace. This is as a result of exhaustion, lack of food or lack of fitness.
An abbreviation for beats per minute in reference to a rider’s heart rate.
A rider or group of riders that has moved ahead/escaped the pack.
To catch a rider or group that has opened a lead. This is to “bridge the gap”.
This is the word used to describe the main field of riders throughout the race, also known as the “peloton”.
A bunch sprint can be very spectacular, occurring when the bunch approaches the finish line as a whole and all have the same desire to win.
The number of times during one minute that a pedal stroke is completed.
CHAMOIS (sounds like “shammy”)
No, not what you use to dry your car… this is a soft padded piece of absorbent ( once was leathery) material that is sewn into the crotch of the “knicks” to prevent chafing.
This can have a few meanings. It can be when someone drops back behind the bunch and then “chases” to get back to the bunch. It can also be when the bunch is “chasing” or “closing the gap” on breakaway riders.
This is a course that is ridden two or more times to compose the race.
The metal or plastic fitting on the sole of a cycling shoe that clips into the pedal.
CLOSING THE GAP
This is literally the bunch gaining on the leading rider or riders.
A road race covering multiple laps of a course that is normally between 1 – 2 kilometres in length.
A French word describing those riders who are the workhorses of the team. These cyclists have the job of doing anything possible to help their team leader perform well. This can even mean sacrificing their own wheel if the team leader has a puncture.
Riding closely behind another rider to take advantage of the windbreak (slipstream) to use less energy. The following rider can use upwards of 20% less effort than the rider being followed and still maintain the same speed.
A rider who has not been able to keep up with the bunch or riders they are riding with, is described as having been “dropped”. This is usually a result of exhaustion or mechanical failure. They fall behind the pace and can no longer keep up.
This key tactic in cycling helps to avoid the wind. Cyclists ride close behind each other to benefit from the wind block from the rider in front. As the wind blows at different angles, cyclists will place themselves to either side of the rear of the bike, in front or directly behind if it is a direct headwind. When a bunch of riders fall in behind each other in this way, they have formed an echelon.
Crashing over the bike’s handle bars
This is a stationary, bicycle-like device, with adjustable pedal resistance used for indoor training.
A designated area throughout a race course, where riders are handed food and drinks.
This is the dash for the finish line by the main group of riders.
The crouched aerodynamic position of a rider, used for maximum speed on descents.
This is the term for the overall standings in a stage race and is often referred to as the GC.
The key to strong pedalling power are the gluteus muscles of the buttocks.
When you are “hunger flat” you lose your energy, feel weak, nauseous, achy and generally awful. It’s all caused by a lack of proper and timely nutrition while on the bike. Sometimes referred to as having ‘bonked’.
This is a structured method of training that alternates brief, hard efforts with short periods of easier riding.
This is the firmly fitted, stretchy fabric top worn by cyclists.
These are the Lycra shorts worn by cyclists.
This is the name given to the rider who finishes last in the race and is the French word for “red lantern”. The name apparently originates from the fact that the last carriage on a train has a red lantern on the back of it.
The overall leader and winner of the FKG Tour of Toowoomba wears the mauve FKG Leader’s Jersey. See “overall leader” for more details.
A lead out is when a cyclist sacrifices himself by riding fast in front of a teammate, who is sitting close behind to gain the advantage of the wind block and drafting effect. The front rider, usually a domestique (or lead-out specialist), will ride as fast as possible toward the sprint line with the other rider (usually the team leader or team sprinter) directly behind. Just before the line, the front rider will pull off to the side allowing the rider behind to race through to the finish.
Cycling events such as road races and criteriums, in which all competitors leave the start line at the same time, are referred to as having a mass start.
Some riders are better at short, sharp bursts of speed. To reward them for their talent, designated places throughout the route are set as Intermediate Sprints. These are on flat, fast areas of the stages. Points are awarded to the first riders across the line. At the end of the FKG Tour of Toowoomba, the rider with the most Sprint points is awarded the Sprinter’s Jersey.
Most Agressive Rider Jersey
Awarded to the rider who is judged to have instigated the most attacks, breakaways or assisted their team mates to best advantage during each stage.
To ride behind a motorcycle or other vehicle that breaks the wind.
OFF THE BACK
See the definition of “dropped”.
ON A WHEEL
This is related to what was described in “echelon”. It is a term used to describe the riders who sit close behind the cyclist in front to gain the maximum benefits.
The overall leader is the person who is currently leading in overall time of the Tour. Each stage presents chances for individuals to gain advantages to their overall time in the stage results and sprint category. The overall leader also carries the honour of wearing the coveted FKG Tour of Toowoomba mauve Leader’s Jersey.
A group formation in which each rider rotates from front to back, taking a turn breaking the wind at the front before pulling off, dropping to the rear position and riding in the others’ draft until at the front once again.
The French word for bunch. It refers to the main group of riders in a race or large event.
PRIME (pronounced “preem”)
A special award given to the leader on selected laps during a criterium or the first rider to reach a certain landmark in a road race. It’s used to create additional excitement in the race.
A mass start race staged on the road that goes from point to point, covers one large loop or is held on a circuit longer than those used for criteriums.
Any skin abrasion resulting from a fall. This can also be referred to as crash rash.
Rollers are stationary indoor training device consisting of three long cylinders connected by belts.
Skin problems that develop from chafing caused by riding are known as saddle sores.
A very common question asked of cyclists is why do they shave their legs? Well, apart from the fact that they think it looks cool, there are practical reasons. Shaved legs make for more comfortable massages and allow easier hygenic treatment of road rash and other cycling injuries. There is no evidence to suggest that it improves a rider’s aerodynamic profile.
Each day before the start of the stage, all cyclists who intend to race must sign their name on either a sign on board or sheet. If someone does not sign on, they may be prevented by the Chief Commissaire from participating further in the race.
SIT ON A WHEEL
This is to ride in someone’s draft. See “sitting on”.
As seen in “echelon”, cyclists gain advantages from riding behind each other to gain from wind breaks and this is referred to as “sitting on”.
This is the pocket of calmer air behind a moving rider.
These are team staff members that are a combination of masseurs, medics and general aids to the cyclists. They are an integral part of the team support.
Cycling races/tours that are held over a number of days are broken down into stages. Each day, a different stage will be held but all stages add up to create the overall tour. Results from each stage are cumulative and determine the overall winner on the last day.
This car follows the riders throughout the race and contains the team director, coach and mechanic. It is a backup car for the team, holding spare wheels, spare bikes, food, drink and medical supplies.
TEAM DIRECTOR/DIRECTEUR SPORTIF
This is the head of the team; the person who manages the racing tactics of the team and decides what will happen during each race, who will be the team leader and who will do what throughout the race.
Each team is made up of two types of riders: the team leader and the domestiques. The team leader is that cyclist who has been chosen by the Team Director to try to win the race, usually determined by previous performances.
UCI is an abbreviation for the Union Cycliste Internationale, the world governing body of cycling, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
winning team jersey
Awarded to the team with the fastest cumulative time at the conclusion of the FKG Tour of Toowoomba. The winning team is determined by adding together the times of the team’s first four riders across the line for each stage of the race.
YOUNG RIDER JERSEY
Awarded to the rider aged under 23 with the fastest cumulative time at the end of each stage.